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Sostanze tossiche pericolose nei vestiti per bambini

Greenpeace1 pubblica una nuova ricerca in cui si descrive che vestiti e scarpe per bambini contengono sostanze chimiche pericolose. Nell'abbigliamento per bambini di marca, sportivo e casual.

greenpeace abbigliamento bambini sostanze tossiche simona vignaliNella sua campagna “Detox”, Greenpeace pubblica il rapporto “A little story about the monsters in your closet…” in cui rivela una triste verità: i tessuti e i prodotti in pelle dell'abbigliamento per bambini e neonati contengono diverse sostanze chimiche pericolose utilizzati nella fase di produzione2.

Lo studio di Greenpeace sull'abbigliamento per bambini

Greenpeace ha testato 82 capi di abbigliamento per bambini3 comprati tra maggio e giugno 2013 in 25 Paesi del mondo in negozi monomarca o da altri rivenditori autorizzati.4 Una verifica ha confermato che vestiti sono stati prodotti in 12 Paesi. Tra i marchi più conosciuti, American Apparel, C&A, Disney, GAP, H&M, Primark, e Uniqlo, Adidas, LiNing, Nike e Puma, fino al lussuoso Burberry.

Greenpeace ha alcuni dei suoi laboratori presso l’Università di Exeter in Gran
Bretagna, Una volta ricevuti i capi d'abbigliamento per bambini, sono stati smistati a laboratori indipendenti accreditati.

Le ricerche hanno dimostrato che non c'è nessuna differenza rilevante tra il livello di sostanze tossiche chimiche di questo studio e di quelle trovate in analisi precedenti su vestiti per adulti (uomo/donna).

Sostanze tossiche nei vestiti (anche di marca) per bambini 

greenpeace vestiti bambini sostanze tossiche simona vignaliRiportiamo le informazioni direttamente da "Piccoli mostri nell'armadio" gennaio 2014 pubblicato da Greenpeace in Italia. Le principali, tragiche scoperte rivelano che:

NOTE

  1. Investigation carried out by Greenpeace International, brought to you by Greenpeace East Asia.
  2. Greenpeace International (2011b). Dirty Laundry 2: Hung Out to Dry: Unravelling the toxic trail from pipes to products. August 2011. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publications/reports/Dirty-Laundry-2/ Greenpeace International (2012a). Dirty Laundry: Reloaded. How big brands are making consumers unwitting accomplices in the toxic water cycle. 20 March 2012. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publications/Campaign-reports/Toxics-reports/Dirty-Laundry-Reloaded/ Greenpeace International (2012b). Toxic Threads: The Big Fashion Stitch-Up. November 2012. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/big-fashion-stitch-up Greenpeace e.V. (2012), Chemistry for any weather, October 2012. http://www.greenpeace.org/romania/Global/romania/detox/ Chemistry%20for%20any%20weather.pdf Greenpeace e.V. (2013), Chemistry for any weather II, December 2013,  http://www.greenpeace.de/fileadmin/gpd/user_upload/themen/ chemie/20131212-Greenpeace-Outdoor-Report-2013-Summary.pdf Greenpeace e.V. (2013b) Greenpeace: Bademoden mit gefährlichen Chemikalien belastet (German). http://www.greenpeace.de/fileadmin/ gpd/user_upload/themen/chemie/Factsheet_Bademode.pdf Greenpeace e.V. (2013c) Schadstoffe in G-Star Produkten (German)  http://www.greenpeace.de/fileadmin/gpd/user_upload/themen/ chemie/20130408_Factsheet_PFOS_in_G-Star-Produkten.pdf
  3. All products were for children, while several were aimed at babies and children under three. Garments, including swimwear, made up the majority. Four items were footwear
  4. Based on public representations by the brand at the time of purchase (e.g. via their public website).
  5. Some were also tested for carcinogenic amines released under reducing conditions, which were not detected in this study.
  6. For full details of the samples, the methodology and results, see Greenpeace (2013), Technical Report
  7. Sample number TX13094
  8. Sample number TX13015 
  9. Sample numbers Adidas TX13004; Puma TX13097 and TX13100
  10. 2 mg/kg di-octyl tin. See Oeko-tex, Limit values and fastness, https://www.oekotex.com/en/manufacturers/test_criteria/limit_values/limit_values.htm
  11. Puma website (2013), http://about.puma.com/wpcontent/themes/aboutPUMA_theme/media/pdf/2013/PUMARSLMRSLV_01_13.pdf; adidas website (2013), http://www.adidas-group.com/media/filer_public/85/09/850915ac-f85f-4533-8e87-3c84c8093193/a01_sept_2013_en.pdf.
  12. Sample numbers TX13003, 2420 μg/kg volatile PFCs, TX13004 499 μg/kg volatile PFCs, TX 13006 68 μg/kg ionic PFC
  13. Sample number TX13082, contained 6967 μg/kg volatile PFCs
  14. Sample number TX13108, contained 2346 μg/Kg volatile PFCs
  15. Sample number TX13004, 0.855 μg/m² sold in Hong Kong
  16. Sample number TX13023, 0.464 μg/m²
  17. Sample number TX 13006, 15.3 μg/m²
  18. Norwegian Environment Agency (2013), The sale of textiles containing PFOA above 1 μg/m² in Norway will be prohibited from June 2014. Although this item was bought in Germany, comparison is made with this limits as Norway is the first, and so far only, country to regulate PFOA in textile products. NEA (2013) Flere stoffer på verstinglista (additional substances added to the priority list); http://www.miljodirektoratet.no/no/Nyheter/Nyheter/2013/November-2013/Flere-stoffer-pa-verstinglista/ (Norwegian).
  19. adidas Group Policy for the Control and Monitoring of Hazardous Substances A-01 September 1st 2013, 1 μg/m² (p.26) http://www.adidas-group.com/media/filer_public/85/09/850915ac-f85f-4533-8e87-3c84c8093193/a01_sept_2013_en.pdf

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